Examples of Faulty Heuristics
||Seeing only the extremes in a
||"If I had made that shot, I'd be
a hero. Since I missed
it, I'm the worst player
||Drawing huge conclusions that
don't fit the evidence
||"I must be a lousy golfer, because I missed that easy
putt. I never get a
||Focusing on one negative detail
and ignoring the "big picture"
||"I know we won the game and I
played well, but that one
block I missed ruined it for me."
||Looking at only the negative
information we have
||"What good is it to be the team's
leading scorer if I'm going to miss easy shots like that last one?"
||Drawing hasty and unwarranted
||"I have trouble returning Jane's
serves, so she must be a much
better player than I am."
||Exaggerating negative (or
diminishing positive) information
||"I was a poor shooter in grade
school, so I'll always be a
poor shooter. That long string of shots I made was just a crazy
bunch of luck."
||Believing something because it
"feels" true, ignoring contradictory evidence
||"I just know that loss was all my
fault, and no one can convince me otherwise. It doesn't matter
how many other players failed or how little I played.
||Having definite & inflexible
ideas about behavior and "fairness" in life
||"I should never let a fastball go by
like that! I must hit
every one of those in order to be a good player."
||Putting extreme "titles" on
people or situations
||"I am such a loser for missing that shot!
The biggest game of the year,
and I messed up!"
responsibility for people or events
||"If I would have made a better pass,
Jack would have outrun the other team, and scored on the play."
||Ignoring possibilities and
predicting absolute failure
||"It doesn't matter how we play this
season, we can't win State, so the season's already a failure."
||Imagining that we know what
someone else is thinking
||"Coach didn't praise me at all
today. I know he thinks
I'm a loser because of that mistake I made the other day."
||Failing to see any positives in
||After a lopsided loss, Coach
Jerry Glanville was asked if his team had learned from the
experience. He said, "You don't learn anything from a loss like that."
||Accepting only information that
agrees with our conclusion
||"All my other stats
notwithstanding, my shooting percentage proves I'm a lousy player."